Glossary of Key Terms to Know About Cord Blood Banking
February 09, 2023
Cord blood banking is a rapidly growing field that provides a unique opportunity for expecting parents to store and potentially use a valuable resource for their family and other potential patients. As cord blood banking becomes more popular, and the technology and techniques used in the field become more advanced, it is important to understand the key terms and concepts that are used in this area.
First and foremost, it is important to understand the significance of cord blood. Cord blood is the blood that remains in the umbilical cord and placenta after a baby is born. It is a rich source of stem cells, which have the potential to be used in medical treatments for a range of conditions, including blood disorders, bone marrow failure, and cancer. Stem cells are also being studied for their potential to regenerate tissue and organs.
The process of cord blood banking begins with the collection of cord blood from the umbilical cord and placenta after the delivery of a baby. This process can be done in two different ways: by a private cord blood bank or through a public cord blood donation. Private cord blood banking involves the collection and storage of the cord blood for the exclusive use of the family, while public cord blood donation involves the collection of cord blood for use by other patients in need.
Once the cord blood has been collected, it is then processed into a form that can be used in medical treatments. This process involves several steps, including the separation of the stem cells from the other components of the cord blood, the cryopreservation of the stem cells, and the testing of the cord blood for infectious diseases. After the cord blood has been processed, it is typically stored in a cord blood bank.
When a family decides to bank their cord blood, they have several options for storage. Private cord blood banks typically store cord blood at a secure facility, while public cord blood banks typically store cord blood in a specially designed, public repository. Additionally, some families may choose to store their cord blood at home, in a personal cord blood banking service.
The cost of cord blood banking can vary depending on the type of storage and the bank. Private cord blood banking is typically more expensive than public cord blood banking, but it also provides more security and privacy for the family. Additionally, the cost of private cord blood banking can be offset by tax credits and other incentives.
Finally, it is important to understand the potential benefits of banking cord blood. Stem cell therapies are becoming increasingly more common, and having cord blood available for medical treatments can be lifesaving for a family. Additionally, the stem cells from cord blood can be used to treat a wide range of conditions, including:
- Blood disorders
- Bone marrow failure
The above terms and concepts are just a few of the key terms and concepts associated with cord blood banking. As the field of cord blood banking continues to advance and become more sophisticated, it is important to be aware of the key terms and concepts used in the field. This will ensure that families are able to make informed decisions about their cord blood banking options, and that they are able to make the most of their cord blood banking experience.